First trimester of pregnancy.


The first signs of pregnancy.                                                                                                              

Most often, the birth of a new life occurs with a delay in menstruation. This is joined by: frequent urination, fatigue, nausea, compaction of the mammary glands. In women with an unsteady cycle, the delay may not be related to pregnancy. Using a test system will help confirm or deny your guesses. Most tests give a reliable result from 8-12 days from fertilization.

The fate of the egg after fertilization/ 1 month of pregnancy.

The meeting of the sperm with the egg occurs in the fallopian tube. After fertilization, the formation of a zygote (fertilized egg) and the gradual division of the egg with an increase in the number of cells follow. After a day, the number of cell elements increases to 32. Zygote nutrition is carried out at the expense of reserve resources contained in the mother cell. At the advent of 5 – 6 days, the zygote enters the uterine cavity and actively tries to attach itself. This process is called implantation. From this moment, the placenta begins to emerge, the organ that provides nutrition to the fetus, at the expense of the mother’s nutrients. The “third circle of blood circulation” is formed. After the formation of the placenta, there is a bookmark of all organs and systems and the beginning of their gradual development. During this period, it is important to the development of the neural tube, where it is enough folic acid and vitamins of group B. during this period, there is a danger of miscarriage, if some disease is placed the embryo implanted: endometriosis, congenital changes in the shape of the uterus, a chronic adnexitis. There is also a danger of ectopic pregnancy, when the fetal egg stops at a certain stage of movement. Therefore, after a positive test, you should contact the women’s clinic and confirm the presence of a fetal egg in the uterus, using ultrasound.

2 month (5-8 weeks)

During this period, the main organs of the respiratory and nervous system are formed. Hematopoietic tissue is formed, blood circulation begins in the vessels associated with utero-placental blood flow through the umbilical veins and artery. By the end of the second month, the embryo takes the form of a fetus. There are rudiments of limbs, fingers are formed. This phase is characterized by the fastest growth rates. To ensure this level of development, a strong placental part is needed, it also does not lag behind the fetus, new connecting vessels are formed and the growth of its fetal part.

3 month (9-12 weeks)

There is an intensive development of the brain, in particular the cerebellum. By 9 weeks, it is already fully formed, regulating the coordination of fetal movements. The formation of limbs and their skeletal bones continues. These factors cause the first movements of the fetus. The end of 12 weeks causes the end of the first trimester of pregnancy, at this stage the fetus formed most organs and systems.

Pregnancy manifests itself from the first days of fertilization, an attentive girl will pay attention to the absence of menstruation. But it often happens that a woman finds only in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. Although the first weeks do not greatly violate the quality of life of a pregnant woman, but still give her some trouble. Since undergoing restructuring, redistribution of nutrients is accompanied by: causeless drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue. There is discomfort in the mammary glands, especially in the areola region. The woman becomes more irritable, often this symptom is dumped on PMS. Moderate pain may also accompany a normally developing pregnancy. This is due to enlargement of the uterus, irritation of its own pain receptors and compression of neighboring organs, which is also manifested by delayed stool and frequent urination. Some women complain of an increase in fatty tissue on the abdomen, so the body tries to protect the growing child. During this period, it is important to feel your body and pay attention to the change in time. If you have doubts – be sure to tell your doctor about them.

What if you get pregnant?

The first step is- a registration in the women’s clinic. There you will have a list of examinations and visits of narrow specialists: therapist, dentist, ophthalmologist, surgeon, neurologist. If you have chronic diseases, be sure to report them to the doctor. In such a complex process, any little thing that can potentially complicate the course of pregnancy is important.

What trace elements are needed for normal fetal development?

1. Folic acid. It is involved in the formation of the fetal nervous system.

2. Vitamin E contributes to the formation of a healthy placenta, strengthening the vascular wall.

3. Vitamins A and D are involved in the formation of the musculoskeletal system of the unborn child.

Conclusion. The future child should be the result of mutual desire of partners. It is the fruit of the fusion of two people. Therefore, it is better to plan pregnancy in advance. Pass a complex of examinations and correct the existing pathology. Pregnancy is a huge stress for the body of the expectant mother, so this approach reduces the chance of developing pathology during gestation.

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