A woman’s reproductive health depends on many factors. One of which is – the correct menstrual cycle. It is a process regulated by several hormones: follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen, and progesterone. Each cycle begins with Estrogen-controlled menstruation. During this period, the functional epithelium of the uterus is rejected, causing bleeding. Once the uterus is prepared, the production of FSH begins, which is responsible for the growth of the dominant follicle in the ovary. Approximately to the 8th day of a cycle synthesis of a hormone decreases and progesterone takes over. This hormone stimulates the output of the egg from the follicle, by the 10th day of the cycle it reaches a maximum. This day can be considered the beginning of ovulation. All of the above terms are averaged, and range from 2 to 5 days.
What is ovulation and why is it has a central place in woman’s life?
Ovulation is a phenomenon that a woman thinks about when planning a pregnancy. Since at this time the most favorable environment for conception. Residual knowledge: An excerpt from the Internet a woman forms the notion that the menstrual cycle is a complex science. In fact, it’s very simple. Now we will try to understand it. Since birth, the girl’s body contains about a million eggs. Not all eggs reach the age of puberty, but those that have overcome barriers are quite capable of giving the world a new life. From the moment of puberty, every month one egg comes out of the follicle to realize its function. To put it simply: ovulation is the release of the egg and ovary, a small explosion that lasts a few minutes. After which the egg has 24 hours to live. The remaining hours the egg is in the fallopian tube waiting for its “Prince on a white horse”, that is, the spermatozoid.
What happens to a woman’s body on ovulation days?
A woman is a flower burgeoning in days of ovulation. After all, this is the best time to conceive. The whole body of a woman tries to show its readiness to perform reproductive function. Under the influence of hormones, the endometrium begins to mature in the uterus; during ovulation it grows up to 12-15 mm. If during ovulation you did a gynecological ultrasound and revealed an increased growth of the endometrium (>15) – this is an occasion to consult a gynecologist. On the uterus, the changes do not end. During ovulation, there is a thickening of the cervical secretion, promoting the promotion of sperm. The egg, being in the tube, too, does not sit idle – it secretes substances that attract sperm.
Factors affecting a woman’s health and ovulation.
A woman’s reproductive system is quite a complex thing. The level of its functional state is influenced by many factors. Let’s try to understand some of them:
Uncontrollable causes – environmental factors, a sharp change in climatic conditions, place of residence, stress, improper mode of work and rest, lack of sleep.
Taking various drugs, such as: progesterone drugs, Lundin, enovid
Indiscriminate use of drugs for weight loss, eating disorders, diets leading to anorexia. This in turn leads to anovulation as a result of metabolic disorders in the body.
Hormonal disorders are often caused by genetic pathology. But can be and acquired
In most cases, anovulation is accompanied by the disappearance of menstruation. With such symptoms, regardless of the cause, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Methods for determining the ovulation day.
When planning a pregnancy, it is important to be able to clearly determine the date of ovulation. After all, conception is possible only in this period of time. The life time of sperm is also limited, usually 72 hours. In fact, even less. Therefore, it is important for us to learn to control this process once and for all, identifying several suitable methods for ourselves. Consider some of them:
Ultrasonic monitoring. Ultrasound can be done in any antenatal clinic at the place of residence. This is an affordable method, characterized by high accuracy. Determining the size of the follicle the presence of the corpus luteum in the dominant follicle, you can predict ovulation with 80% probability. Also, during the ultrasound examination, screening is carried out for the presence of ovarian cysts and pathology of the uterine body. Ultrasound monitoring allows detecting changes in the endometrium, excluding gynecological pathology. This method has a drawback: in the hands of an inept doctor, the method loses significantly in quality.
The device “Vesta” is used to determine ovulation. This device allows you to determine the day of ovulation in accuracy up to hours, conveniently and quickly. This functionality is due to the fact that: the team of Professor Berkenheim conducted cycles of clinical and experimental studies which were able to fit a sensitive analyzer in a small box, reducing the discomfort of its use to a minimum, since the level of the hormone is determined in the saliva.
Test strips detect high concentrations of luteinizing hormone.
Very affordable method which combines cheapness and convenience. Among the shortcomings: can commit false peaks of LH. It is recommended to use this method together with ultrasound diagnostics. Determining the average period of ovulation and only then in this period to use test strips.
Basal temperature estimation method. During ovulation, there is a peak amount of the hormone progesterone in the blood causing a temperature increase of 0.6-0.8 degrees. The method is based on determining the temperature in the rectum during. So you can accurately determine the day of ovulation.
The menstrual cycle and ovulation is a complex process. It can not be controlled, but you can assess the correctness and time intervals of its flow. A woman’s reproductive health depends on it. Pregnancy is the most important event in the life of a family. The development of which can be controlled. A reasonable and balanced approach allows you to clearly plan this event and avoid most of the manageable complications.